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Articles in Category: Archives LyonIX

Fibre: Caisse des Dépôts invests in Kosc

on Monday, 27 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Fibre: Caisse des Dépôts invests in Kosc

After many technical and legal setbacks last year, the horizon is finally clear for Kosc. In mid-June, Banque des territoires (Caisse des Dépôts) invested 20 million euros in the capital of a new subsidiary, Kosc Infrastructures, in order to contain the operator's network assets. Guénaël Pépin reviews with the operator these last months in an article from Nextinpact.

While wholesale offers for operators are tending to become more widespread, hopes are essentially focused on Kosc. Indeed, the company, co-founded in 2016 by OVH, aims to break the duopoly of Orange and SFR in this market. To access the local loops of major operators and thus cover the whole of France, Kosc must connect its network to hundreds of NROs. In practice, it recovers Completel's national network to connect to Orange and SFR's local networks. Through these various networks, the company hopes to become a single control point for professional operators.

However, Kosc did not have the financial resources. 100 million over five years to cover the entire private deployment area. The financing of Caisse des Dépôts was therefore necessary. "The investment by the Bank of the Territories makes it possible to finance the implementation of the 100% fibre coverage strategy in the private zone" confirms Kosc. The creation of the Kosc Infrastructures subsidiary allows Caisse des Dépôts to limit its control to major infrastructure decisions. As for Kosc, this allows it to better link its private deployments with future contracts with RIPs. After a year and a half of competition between public and private infrastructure funds, the company's choice "naturally" turned to a RIP concession model. "Caisse des Dépôts was able to make us a financial offer that matched our ambitions. Beyond the financial aspect, she brings us the expertise of her teams who benefit from an excellent understanding of market issues, due to her experience working alongside RIPs" assures Antoine Fournier, General Manager of Kosc.

However, the operation almost failed. Indeed, one of the investment conditions of the Bank of the Territories was the proper technical and legal functioning of Kosc. However, several technical and organizational problems with SFR, when the assets were transferred, took them to court. "Not all the disputes with SFR are behind us, so we don't want to express ourselves any further on the subject. All we can say is that our partners have largely congratulated us on our perseverance during the legal battles of recent months. Just because Kosc is under legal pressure from a powerful player does not mean that Kosc bends" the company says.
Despite its disputes with SFR, the network is now operational. The company has around thirty customer operators and has been online since mid-July with more than 2 million eligible catches throughout the country. Even the competition from Bouygues, SFR and Orange on the "bitstream fibre" offers does not worry the operator. "Thanks to the mobilisation of Kosc Telecom teams, there is now a first bitstream fibre offer and your question shows that the market is finally opening up! It is so much better for our operator customers" adds Antoire Fournier. Kosc does not intend to stop there as it now installs itself in "neutral" data centers to open access to its backbone links, its professional fiber collection and enterprise fiber.



Read the article


Source : Nextinpact





The RUG goes back to school

on Friday, 24 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

The RUG goes back to school

This 19th edition will focus on the current state of IPv6 deployment. This protocol is now becoming essential with the explosion of connected objects and the shortage of IPv4. However, its implementation remains a complex stage and difficult to be adopted by all.

We will provide a reminder on how IPv6 works as well as possible deployments. We will also discuss routing differences according to protocol and operators, as well as good practices related to IPv6.

See you next September 21th!
Until registration opens, click here to (re)discover all the details of this morning.





Good practices for connecting to an IXP

on Tuesday, 14 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Good practices for connecting to an IXP

Over the last 10 years, Internet exchange points have witnessed a considerable number of changes: technological change, an increase in the number of connected members, diversification of membership types, etc. The number of Internet exchange points has also increased. All these developments have allowed IXPs to become better known, to encourage local traffic and thus to become important infrastructures for network service providers.

However, this popularity also leads to problems such as poor router configuration by new members. "Such configurations can cause unwanted broadcasts, false route announcements, unicast flooding and bandwidth theft. All this can ultimately impact all members connected to an IX," explains Masataka Mawatari of Japan Internet Exchange Co. Ltd.

For this reason, a group of Japanese IXP operators, BBIX, JPIX, JPNAP, and KDDI worked together to update the Good Business Practices document. Originally developed by the JANOG community about ten years ago, this document describes for an AS operator the recommended settings of an IXP connection router.

Find the complete document in this article by Robbie Mitchell of July 31th on the APNIC blog.

Source: APNIC.




When will the white zones end?

on Tuesday, 14 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

When will the white zones end?

Among more than 35,000 municipalities in France, 541 still have no access to the Internet, even though it is now a necessity. The government has therefore set itself the goal of "getting rid of these white areas" by announcing broadband and very high speed access for all by 2022. Things seem to be moving in this direction with the "new mobile deal" concluded between the State and ARCEP to accelerate mobile coverage of territories or the compromise between SFR and Orange on the development of fibre in less dense areas.

Arnaud Bousquet proposes to review this digital divide in the 31th July radio programme Le téléphone sonne on France Inter. To answer the Internet question, mobile telephony: when will the white zones end? he receives Martine Lombard, member of the ARCEP college, Michel Combot, Director General of the Fédération Française des Télécoms and Sébastien Dufromentel, secretary of the Fédération FDN.



Listen to the show



The white zone concept only concerned mobile telephony and currently represents only 1% of the territory. Today, it also includes Internet access. To enable everyone to access this technology, more than 20 billion euros will be invested in the France Très Haut Débit plan.

For most people in these dense areas, it is not a choice not to use the Internet, it is a technical impossibility. The testimonies of various listeners from the Lot, the Hérault or even the Loire-et-Cher are quite appalling. Some have to travel several kilometres to have an Internet connection or pay a monthly subscription but only manage to connect once a week. Others, a little luckier, have an ADSL connection but very low and must therefore invest in additional equipment with a very irregular speed. The elected representatives also call on the operators to improve this connectivity wherever we go, work or live. However, there are other ways to connect like 4G, 5G or radio bridges. These transition technologies are deployed by the operators while waiting for the optical fiber.

If at the beginning of the 2000s, France had no delay for the deployment of ADSL, the same cannot be said for very high speed broadband. One of the reasons is that the major operators have prioritised their infrastructures at the expense of FTTH (fibre to the subscriber's home). Regulatory requirement is another such factor. However, France remains globally ahead in terms of optical fiber in Europe thanks to its investments over the last ten years.

Technical questions arise for the integral fibering of the population. In France, 40% of households do not have an address or number, although a house numbering plan is required for each commune. This plan speeds up the fibering process and limits the risk of errors during the optical fibre connection.

However, white areas are not limited to rural areas. Connecting to the Internet remains difficult or even impossible on public transport or rail networks. The equipment and coverage of the transport axes is an important point of the January agreement between the government and the operators. One of the objectives set is to cover 90% of the regional rail network in 4G by 2025.

This raises the question of equipment priority setting. Why do we choose to equip a city that already has 4G with optical fibre rather than a city where there is no Internet access? It is the local authorities that are supposed to define the priorities. But most local authorities, via the Public Initiative Networks, let the commercial operator decide which areas to equip. The economic development of the regions now depends on the development of the territory in digital infrastructures to be able to work and develop its trade.

This "digital new deal" is an important government commitment. The State is making efforts and is thus renouncing the financial auction of frequency allocations, i.e. around 3 billion euros. But in return, operators commit to invest these sums, or even more, in improving the mobile network with general commitments: transform all 3G sites into 4G, cover 55,000 km of road network by the end of 2020, create 5,000 sites each with mutualization to fundamentally remedy the mobile disparity.

A listener from Deux-Sèvres raises the question of the network's obsolescence. In rural areas, most subscribers have access to the Internet via ADSL via the telephone network installed over 40 years ago. However, the use of this network has its limits since the flow decreases with distance. Optical fibre is particularly suitable for these areas since the throughput remains the same whatever the distance. The choice of this technology is therefore justified, but it is still necessary to find the investments to deploy it. It is also necessary that the operators who lay the fibre do not keep it for their own profit. Indeed, this would lead to foreclosure for small ISPs and only large operators could operate.

The removal of these white areas can pose a problem for so-called electro-hypersensitive people since they are currently refuge areas. But how to face these contradictory wills because if certain people refuse Internet by principle or because of their health, it is a very strong stake in particular against the rural desertification of the youngest.

The digital divide can also be transposed to Overseas France. For example, in French Guiana less than 7% of the territory is covered by 4G. Only the coastal areas have good coverage, the rest of the department has no 4G access but these areas have a low human density. Investment efforts have been made by local authorities and operators in Overseas France, but more remains to be done, particularly in French Guiana.



Listen to the show


Source : France Inter



Internet: the cable battle

on Friday, 27 July 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Internet: the cable battle

The dependence on digital and its infrastructures is increasing every day. To ensure their independence, the majors of the sector therefore invest in the network (Internet). Sophy Caulier reveals, in an article in Le Monde Économie on June 24, the battle that is being played out between the various players on this gigantic network.

Composed of three main elements: data centres, networks and interconnection points, the Internet is indeed a physical network. The cumulative length of the submarine cables is thirty times around the Earth, or 1.2 million kilometres. However, even though this infrastructure was built to be resilient, it is on the verge of overdose. For information, Netflix occupied one third of the bandwidth in the United States during peak hours in 2016. Another example: in 2018, companies are increasingly storing their data on the cloud with more than 20% growth for the French market. But the risk of overloading the network does not really worry.

The main threat is actually the breakage of submarine or land cables that can cause an Internet outage for several days. This was the case at the beginning of the year in about ten countries on the west coast of Africa. The infrastructure therefore remains fragile despite the redundancy of cables. Companies like OVH, InterCloud or Colt choose to build their own network to protect themselves but also to reduce costs and guarantee quality services to their customers.

GAFAM, which has had data centres for a long time, is also investing heavily in cables. "They deploy their own cables to interconnect their data centers on all continents without going through telecom operators. The challenge for these actors is to set the costs. In other words, they'd rather own than rent! "says Jean-Luc Lemmens, director of Idate DigiWorld's Media-Telecom division.

But when it comes to developing countries or certain geographical areas too far from cables, Internet giants deploy networks via satellites, UAVs or balloons. Amazon, Facebook, Virgin or SoftBank also have great satellite ambitions. Nothing seems to be able to stop the almighty GAFAM in their race to control the armature of the Net.

Click here to read an extract of the article (full article if you subscribe to Le Monde).

Source: Le Monde Économie



How to do without Google, Facebook, etc.

on Friday, 20 July 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

How to do without Google, Facebook, etc.

In the article published in Le Monde last June, Yves Eudes portrays Framasoft, a Lyon-based association determined to shake up the omnipotence of the GAFAM.

Presenting itself as "a gateway to the world of Free", Framasoft offers free Internet services that respect privacy. A strong entity of 8 employees, 35 members and 700 volunteers whose main goal is to promote FOSS through 3 components: free software, free culture and free online services.

In 2001, the association launched its first project; a directory of free software for education. Since then, it has developed more than thirty free services as part of its flagship programme "Degooglisons l'Internet". It offers alternatives to centralized services such as its own search engine (Framabee), its social networks (Framasphere equivalent to Facebook or Framapiaf equivalent to Twitter) or PeerTube, the most recent, a video sharing platform supposed to compete with YouTube.

Pursuing its "Degooglisation" mission, Framasoft has also created the Chatons network - Collective of alternative, transparent, open, neutral and solidarity hosting providers - now composed of 58 members. The aim of this network is to federate local initiatives and to offer an even wider range of free services.

For Pierre-Yves Gosset, president of Framasoft, the priority is to unite beyond the circle of alternative Internet activists in order to mobilize the entire associative fabric. A long fight for this association whose official motto is "The road is long, but the way is free".

To read an extract of the article (full article if you subscribe to Le Monde), click here.
Find out more about Framasoft and Chatons.
Source: Le Monde.



New : BGP Outsourcing !

on Friday, 13 July 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

New : BGP Outsourcing !

Rezopole offers companies and local authorities to delegate the management of their BGP infrastructure in order to improve performance and optimise management costs.

This service is intended for any entity, customer or not, of the GIX / NAP services of LyonIX and GrenoblIX.

Find all the details on pages 20 and 21 of Rezologue 2018.




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Akamai to Lyon!

on Thursday, 12 July 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

Akamai to Lyon!

A major new content provider connected to Rezopole's infrastructures!

Akamai announces via its AS20940 a direct path to its local Lyon cache.

All content is now available via LyonIX route servers.




About Akamai

The world’s largest and most trusted cloud delivery platform.

If you've ever shopped online, downloaded music, watched a web video or connected to work remotely, you've used Akamai's cloud delivery platform. Top brands globally rely on Akamai to help them deliver the world's best and most secure digital experiences on any device, anywhere. 


Akamai is the world’s largest and most trusted cloud delivery platform, delivering 95 exabytes of data a year across billions of devices. With the broadest array of best-in-class cloud delivery products and services, including superior web and mobile performance, cloud security, enterprise access, and video delivery solutions – all underpinned by exceptional customer service and 24/7 monitoring – businesses count on our people and technology to support them every step of the way.


Read more on Akamai's website.



How does Internet work ?

on Monday, 25 June 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

How does Internet work ?

[French article]


Contrairement à ce que beaucoup imaginent, Internet ne flotte pas dans l‘air. Il existe grâce à des câbles, datacenters et IXP contrôlés par des entreprises. Francesca Musiani, chargée de recherches au CNRS, explique pourquoi il est nécessaire de comprendre ces rouages afin d’être un internaute avisé.


La spécialiste des architectures de l’Internet nous présente dans une vidéo diffusée par Treize Minutes les dessous d’un monde encore trop méconnu. Les infrastructures réseaux font en sorte que leur fonctionnement reste discret, si bien que l’on ne prend conscience de leur existence qu’au moment où Internet atteint ses limites, qui sont bel et bien matérielles. Pourtant, il est primordial de mieux conceptualiser cet outil du quotidien, qui est bien plus tentaculaire qu’il n’y paraît.



Voir la vidéo



En effet, elle soulève le fait que les diverses infrastructures Internet sont sous le contrôle d’entreprises qui poursuivent leur intérêt propre. Un fait qu’il faut bien comprendre, notamment en cette période où la protection des données personnelles et la manipulation de l’information sont au cœur de tous les débats.


Dans un article de Libération rédigé par Amaelle Guiton, Francesca aborde le sujet du projet de loi sur la lutte contre les « fake news ». Pour elle, l’essentiel du problème ne réside pas dans l’émetteur de ces fausses informations, mais dans le fonctionnement-même des grandes plateformes sur lesquelles elles sont diffusées.


Leur modèle économique leur permet de propager des informations plus rapidement que tous les autres supports, qu’elles soient réelles ou infondées. Ainsi, une solution serait de rendre plus transparente l’activité de ces émetteurs de contenu. Par l’intervention d’entités tierces ciblant l’origine systémique du problème, Francesca espère pouvoir le résoudre sans bouleverser tout le fonctionnement des grandes plateformes. De plus, elle estime que le monopole de l’information en ligne par certaines entreprises est aussi une des sources du problème, qui pourrait être palliée par l’émergence de nouveaux acteurs. Des pistes de solutions intéressantes à découvrir dans cet article.



Lire l'article



Sources : Treize Minutes, Libération, Amaelle Guiton.

Register for the 50th Aperezo!

on Friday, 01 June 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

Register for the 50th Aperezo!

Rezopole and Distriwan are pleased to invite you to the 50th edition of the Aperezo which will take place on Wednesday 27th June 2018 at Rooftop 52 in Lyon, from 18h30.


The configuration of the place being exceptional, the capacity is limited to a maximum of 100 people.

For organizational and security reasons, any person who does not have a personal registration confirmation* will be refused access to our event.

* Confirmation by name sent by e-mail at a later date.


By registering, you agree, if you appear on the photos taken during the event, that they be published on our site, social networks and the site of our partner.



I register



Please limit the number of professionals per company to 3.





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Publication of the RezoLink 2018!

on Wednesday, 30 May 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Publication of the RezoLink 2018!

Find the directory listing the players interconnected on our IXPs and the network and telecom experts in the region. We're welcoming back the Gold members, also present in this edition. Available free of charge in paper version on request and on the website in PDF format.







A paper version is distributed in 2000 copies by mail or at our events. If you wish to have the paper version, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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